Patti Spinner’s primary research interests are in the second language acquisition of morphosyntax from a formal perspective, particularly the acquisition of features such as grammatical gender, case, number, and tense. Currently she is investigating the acquisition of gender and number in L2 Swahili. Another project examines Italian gender and number using eye-tracking measures. Other research interests include morphosyntactic measures of L2 language development and the use of music in the instruction of L2 grammar. Her work has appeared in journals such as Studies in Second Language Acquisition, Second Language Research, Applied Linguistics, and Language Learning.She has taught German as a foreign language at the Ohio State University and Kenyon College, and ESL at the University of Pittsburgh, the University of Rostock (Germany), and Inlingua Language Schools (Germany). She has also developed music-based lessons for ESL grammar instruction, including Betty Azar’s English Grammar series and L-Pop: Real Music for English Language Learning.